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AIR Self-Determination Scale (FREE)
American Institutes for Research ( 1994)
American Institutes for Research

TheĀ AIR Self-Determination Assessment produces a profile of the student’s
level of self-determination, identifies areas of strength and areas
needing improvement, and identifies specific educational goals that
can be incorporated into the student’s IEP. Spanish translations available.

  1. sfischerknobnoster-k12-mo-us says:

    I haven't used this assessment yet, but would like to try it out.  I feel this is a good Self-Determination scale, because you get input from the student, parent, and teacher to use when developing a student's transition plan.  The scale allows students, teachers, and parents to give input in several different areas that are significant in developing a student's transition plan.  The format looks to be user friendly and a quick transition assessment of a student.  The other important factor I found was the assessment is free, which is excellent for my school district's budget right now.

  2. watteleltroy-k12-mo-us says:

    These scales are very user-friendly.  When used in the past, I have sent the parent form in the mail, along with a self-addressed stamped envelope so the parents were compelled to return the form to me.  The user guide is very detailed and the information provided by the 3 scales can aide case managers with information when writing students strengths and weaknesses regarding self-determination.

  3. jschmitzsavannahr3-com says:

    I looked at the AIR Self-Determination scale, which :

    • produces a profile of the student's level of self-determination
    • identifies areas of strength and areas needing improvement
    • identifies specific educational goals that can be incorporated into the student's IEP

    The AIR Assessments measure two broad self-determination components. Capacity refers to the student's knowledge, abilities, and perceptions that enable them to be self-determined. Opportunity refers to the student's chances to use their knowledge and abilities.

    I liked this scale because it gives students a chance to get to know and understand their own preferences. 

  4. lisa_warnerisdschools-org says:

    I must say I am very impressed with the AIR Self-Determination Scale.  Before I even looked at the scale, I was happy to see that there was a Spanish Version for the student.  The fact that the scale has a student, parent, and teacher version means that a very comprehensive view of the student can be obtained.  The questions are very easy to read.  I liked the fact that it not only had rating scale questions, but it also had a written component.  The User Guide was easy to read and gave alot of good information.  It was nice that they included examples.  The fact that this scale can be used for all ages is a definate plus.  I liked the view of Opportunity vs. Capacity.  This component would be useful in selecting IEP goals and planning services to provide our students opportunities to practice their self-determination skills.   

    I have not used this scale before, but I plan to share it with my teachers and add it to our bag of tricks! The star keep disappearing when I click them so I will state them here. 5 STARS

  5. mkerrstcmo-org says:

    I have never used the AIR Self-Determination Scale in my classroom but I could see myself using the scale with my students. I like that the student form emphasizes that it is not a test and that there are no right or wrong answers. This allows the students to focus on themselves instead of worrying about what the right answer might be. I think that giving examples of how to mark an answer is helpful because some students might get confused with the four possible answers, especially when having to chose between Almost Never, Sometimes, and Almost Always. Those three answers are very similar to each other. The Scale really encourages the student to look within and not only evaluate how they perceive themselves but also how they think others see them. Since the completion of this scale requires self reflection I would administer the Self-Determination Scale on an individual basis or send it home with the student to allow for ample time to complete the form. Another plus of this Scale is that the results can be used to set self-determination goals for the student and the user guide actually has a curriculum guide containing a variety of goals for each area assessed.

  6. rick-beckettboiseschools-org says:


    The AIR Self -Determination Scale is quick to complete, easy to score, free, and user friendly.  It is a great tool to bring begin conversations with students regarding self-determination.  It is best suited for students in junior high or who are in high school but are lower functioning.  The students do need some direction as to how to answer questions accurately as they do require a good deal of honest self-reflection.

    I administered the AIRS to a small group of high school juniors with ED and they found the instrument to be somewhat low for them.  In reviewing their answers and questions I can see how they feel that way.  I do however think that two years prior to this the students would have benefited a good deal.

    I would strongly recommend the AIRS to junior high teachers of students with learning disabilities or emotional disturbance as well as high school teachers of students with cognitive or developmental delays.

  7. Anthony A says:

    The AIRS is a useful tool for gaging students present level of self-determination, however this would be better suited for grades 7 to 9. This would be a great preliminary tool to administer to Middle School students seeking future work and post secondary education goals.


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